Agro Chemical and Food Company Limited (ACFC)

Alcohol Production

Alcohol production is one of the oldest art to have been started by man. In this process, yeast, the world’s most heavily used microbe, converts sugars to ethanol and carbon dioxide. The ethanol content in practice 10 – 13% is then concentrated.

Yeast, a facultative anaerobe, and in a situation of insufficient oxygen with substrate (cane molasses) level exceeding 0.1% w/v ferments the sugars to ethanol. Yeast under these conditions will use the glycoltic pathway to breakdown the sugars into energy and intermediates that are required for growth with the final products being ethanol and CO2.

ACFC applies the continuous fermentation for its ethanol production. The Alcohol content after fermentation is normally 10 – 13%. This alcohol in the form of mash which is a mixture of alcohol, water, yeast cells and other minor constituents taken through a series of separators to remove the yeast.
The separated alcohol-rich mash is taken to the distillery where unwanted constituents are removed and the ethanol concentrated to the required achievable purity.

At the distillation tower the mash is physically separated into various products, the ethanol content is concentrated to over 94% and the quality of the ethanol purified to acceptable standards.

Alcohol / Spirit Products

Neutral Spirit

Neutral Spirit

Neutral Spirit


This is potable spirit that is sold locally and regionally. It is blended and packaged by the customers and sold to the consumer or used for fortification of locally manufactured wines.

Extra Neutral Spirit

Extra Neutral Spirit

Extra Neutral Spirit – A pure potable alcohol used in the manufacture or blending of alcoholic beverages conventionally prepared as Gins, Vodkas, Whiskies, Brandies, and Rums. It is also widely used in fortification of wines and cream liqueurs.It is also used for a wide range of other industrial manufacturing applications where it is usually referred to as “highly quality industrial alcohol”.

The product is refined from Neutral Spirit to a high degree of purity to satisfy the requirement for the International Standard Specifications.

Main Applications

  • For manufacturing or blending in potable spirits such as Whiskies, Gins, Rums, Vodkas, Brandies.
  • For fortification of wines.
  • For manufacture of cream liqueurs, cordials.
  • For wide range of other Industrial manufacturing applications especially the high quality/sensitive products.
  • Pharmaceutical applications.

Packaging and Storage

As Neutral Spirit should be virtually oduorless and tasteless except only for that of pure ethyl alcohol, care must be taken in handling and storage to prevent it from acquiring oduors and tastes from other materials. Any piping and tanks used for Neutral Spirit should be checked carefully, drained and flushed with some Neutral Spirit prior to use.
Rubber or plastic hoses should be avoided if possible and flexible stainless steel hoses used where necessary. If rubber or plastic hoses or gaskets must be used, they should first be tested for any reaction with ethanol.

Kenya Methylated Spirit

Methylated Spirit

Methylated Spirit

This spirit is denatured to conform to the mandatory Customs and Excise regulations. The addition of methyl violet gives the product its regular beautiful violet colour.
Kenya Methylated Spirit is used as an antiseptic in hospitals, solvent in paints, inks, vanishes, a cooling medium and other domestic applications.

Main Applications

  • Antiseptic in hospitals, barber shops, domestic use.
  • Solvent in industries
  • Cooling medium
  • Heating fuel in buffets

Toxicity

This spirit has been denatured to render it unpalatable and unfit for human consumption

Industrial Methylated Spirit

Industrial Methylated Spirit

Industrial Methylated Spirit

Unlike the Kenya Methylated Spirit, Industrial Methylated Spirit is not coloured with methyl violet and is denatured to conform to the mandatory Customs and Excise regulations. This product is mainly used in the manufacture of skin care products and other special Industrial applications calling for this grade of spirit, including shoe polish, printing inks etc.

Main Applications

  • Solvent in wide range of industrial applications e.g. skin care products, shoes polish, printing inks, thinners etc.

Toxicity

This spirit has been denatured to render it unpalatable and unfit for human consumption.

The Spirits Market

The Company markets a range of spirits (Alcohol) to the Kenyan and East African market.

Neutral Alcohol (NA)

This is potable spirit that is sold locally and regionally. It is blended and packaged by the customers and sold to the consumer or used for fortification of locally manufactured wines.

Extra Neutral Alcohol (ENA)

This is an extra-fine potable alcohol that is used for the manufacture of alcoholic beverages of international standards. ACFC launched this product in response to the demand from the customers for a high quality product that is suitable for the manufacture of alcoholic beverages of international standards.